Emperor penguin largest member of the penguin order which is known for its stately demeanor and black and white coloration emperor penguins are capable of diving to depths of approximately 550 meters 1800 feet in search of food they are the worlds deepest diving birds. Emperor penguins have the ability to recycle their own body heat the arteries and veins lie close together so that blood is pre cooled on the way to a penguins feet wings and bill and warmed on the way back to the heart emperors feet are adapted to the icy conditions like other animals that live in the polar regions special . Emperor penguin adaptations of all animals on earth the emperor penguin has a claim on being one that endures some of the most extreme conditions to do this they have many adaptations that can be categorized as follows anatomical structures of the body behavioural the manner in which animals move and act. Adelie penguin pairs mate for life in large colonies with females laying two eggs a couple of days apart into a nest built from rocks both the male and female take it in turns to incubate their eggs while the other goes off to feed for up to 10 days at a time the adelie penguin chicks have an egg tooth which is a bump on the top of their beaks which helps them to break out of the egg . A female emperor penguin transfers a single egg to the top of her mates feet the female goes to sea to feed while the male incubates the egg she returns several weeks later usually just before the egg is ready to hatch to relieve her mate so that he may feed the male fasts throughout the courtship nesting and incubation periods he lives off reserves of body fat which may be 3 to 4 cm
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